For these of us developing cannabis outdoors, we get to reap the rewards of gardening in the all-natural planet. We skip the artificial light, ubiquitous chemical substances, and noisy inline fans, and as an alternative use sunlight, living soil, and gentle breezes to nurture our plants to maturity.
Of course, the fantastic outdoors has its downsides as well, like unpredictable climate, pests, and nosy neighbors. Following these ideas will aid make certain a smooth outside harvesting method, just as Mother Nature intended it to be.
Know When to Pull Your Harvest
All cannabis, no matter the assortment, is a warm-season annual, which means it grows and matures in one particular season. How extended of a season a assortment desires depends on exactly where its ancestors evolved.
These from regions close to the equator—sativa types—need a extended, seemingly endless summer season to ripen completely. Although these from harsh, colder climates—indica types—tend to finish earlier given that, effectively, winter is coming.
Getting stated that, rampant hybridization signifies almost any assortment you have got developing in your yard has a mix of each indica and sativa in its DNA. Anticipate them to ripen sometime amongst September and October in the northern hemisphere.
Maintain a cautious eye on pistils—the hairs that stick out from the flowers. When half of them are nonetheless upright and the other are half darkened and curled, your crop is prepared for harvest.
Thoughts the Climate
With cannabis ripening as the seasons adjust from summer season to fall, possibilities are higher that the climate is going via some modifications. Based on your climate, there may be cold snaps or rainstorms on the horizon.
Does this spell disaster? No way. But it does need paying focus and possibly generating game-time choices on the proper time to chop, usually balancing peak ripeness with situations that could compromise your harvest.
Most cannabis plants can sail via a light freeze (28 to 32°F for up to 3 hours) with no difficulty. A challenging freeze, on the other hand—any decrease temps or longer hours—will most probably spell disaster. Frost harm causes ice crystals to type inside plant tissue, damaging their cells.
Leaves seem wilted ahead of turning dark and crispy. The deeper the frost, the additional of the plant that will get broken.
Note that potted plants expertise additional extreme temperature fluctuations than plants in the ground, generating them additional susceptible to frost harm.
If there’s some indica buried in a plant’s genetics, purple coloring may develop into a lot additional pronounced after it gets some cold below its belt. And once again, since of hybridization, do not be concerned if you consider you have got a sativa in your garden—it can probably deal with a short cold snap with no challenge.
Equivalent to a cold snap, it is not the rain itself that is a substantial challenge, it is the duration and severity of the storm. If it is going to warm up and dry out speedily, you can really feel completely confident in leaving not-fairly-ripe cannabis to climate the storm. If the rain will be there to remain, troubles with mold await. Reduce your losses and harvest ahead of issues get soggy.
Note that in cold or rain—especially rain that may develop into hail—you can build a buffer by surrounding your plants with a handful of tall stakes and draping burlap or a tarp more than the best. Just be particular to take away the cover when the cold/rain passes to let the plants warm up and get the sun and air they require.
Pick Your Harvest Pacing
With artificial light and complex pruning practices, most indoor weed ripens all at after. There can be a small additional variation in plants grown outdoors, with outer, exposed colas ripening 1st, and interior, additional shaded buds ripening a handful of days later.
Normally speaking, you are fine harvesting all at after. But you also have the solution of dividing the operate, harvesting ripe ones 1st and leaving inner ones to soak up the sun and ripen completely for a small longer.
Get Your Systems in Spot
You have hopefully set up a drying room—you know, the cool dark space with a temperature that stays amongst 60-70°F, and humidity that remains amongst 50-65%.
But not so fast—how are you having there? Use fresh tarps or rinsed out (and dried!) bins to hold your harvest clean on its path from outdoors to inside. Have unique tarps or bins for every single assortment, and make positive every single is labeled. Also make particular you are prepared for trimming with clean bypass pruners.
Make a go of it when temperatures are cool, like 1st point in the morning or proper ahead of the sun sets. Intense light and higher heat degrades THC.
Freshly reduce branches give an uncomplicated chance for a close-up inspection. Just after chopping, hold every single branch up to the light and give it a after-more than. If you see something fishy—deadened, brown, or grey locations of flower or leaves—cut them out completely and clean your shears with rubbing alcohol ahead of generating any other cuts. Any troubles with fungus or mold can spread rampantly in the drying space.